Dissident AIDS Database

Co-factorsMalnutritionImmuno-deficiencyProtein caloric malnutrition
Nutritional aspects of AIDS.
 Keusch GT, Farthing MJG.
  “Nutritional problems have been a part of the clinical aspects of AIDS from its earliest recognition as a new disease”. “In fact, in many AIDS patients, death seams to be determined more by the individual’s nutritional status than by any particular opportunistic infection. This is, when wasting of lean body mass approaches 55% of normal for age, sex, and height, death is imminent regardless of the forces resulting is such profound malnutrition”.
  Annu Rev Nutr 1990; 10: 475-501.1990
Malnutrition in AIDS.
 Keusch GT & Thea DM
  This article points to malnourishment as a very common problem in AIDS due to decreased nutrient intake or malabsorption. “Nutritional problems have been a part of the clinical aspects of AIDS from its earliest recognition as a new disease”. “In fact, in many AIDS patients, death seams to be determined more by the individual’s nutritional status than by any particular opportunistic infection. This is, when wasting of lean body mass approaches 55% of normal for age, sex, and height, death is imminent regardless of the forces resulting is such profound malnutrition”.
  Med Clin North America, 1993, 77(4); 795-8131993
Malnutrition in HIV infection.
 Babameto G & Kotler DP
  "Malnutrition is a common complication of HIV infection and plays a significant and independent role in its morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition was one of the earliest complications of AIDS to be recognized, and unexplained weight loss is one of the most common initial AIDS defining diagnoses to be given to people who were previously diagnosed HIV-positive..."
  GI Clin North America, 1997, 26(2): 393-413.1997
LOW CD4+ T LYMPHOCYTE COUNTS : A variety of causes and their implications to a multifactorial model of AIDS
 Irwin Matt
  The problems with nutrient intake can be caused by infections of the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, which are quite common in people diagnosed with AIDS. Antiretroviral medications, which cause diarrhea and/or vomiting in well over half of the people who take them, also have the potential to interfere significantly with nutrient intake. In addition, decreased appetite is one of the standard symptoms of depression, which is common in people diagnosed HIV-positive.
  www.virusmyth.net/aids/data/milowcd4.htm2001
Incidence of malnutrition in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
 Chelluri L, Jastremski MS.
  The severity of the clinical manifestations of AIDS is proportional to the degree of the nutritional deficiencies.
  Nutr Clin Pract 1989; 4: 16-18.1989
The potential role of nutritional factors in the induction of immunologic abnormalities in HIV-positive homosexual men.
 Moseson M et al.
  An optimal nutritional status as well as adequate vitamin levels are known to be by themselves enough to mitigate the risk of AIDS in people who react positively on the tests for HIV.
  JAIDS 1989; 2: 235-247.1989
Micronutrients status and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
 Bogden JD et al.
  An optimal nutritional status as well as adequate vitamin levels are known to be by themselves enough to mitigate the risk of AIDS in people who react positively on the tests for HIV.
  Ann NY Acad Sci 1990; 547: 189-195.1990
Medical nutritional therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
 Mahan LK, Escott -Stump S. In:
  “Because nutrient deficiencies may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HIV disease, medical nutrition therapy and counseling are critical aspects of treatment”
  Food, nutrition, and diet therapy. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company. 2000; 889-911.2000
NUTRITIONAL THERAPY FOR THE TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF AIDS, SCIENTIFIC BASES (Southern African Development Community (SADC), Health Ministers Meeting, Johannesburg, South Africa, January 20-21, 2003)
 Giraldo Roberto
  The immunological alterations found in PCM are practically identical to those of AIDS; ... fewer helper T cells, ... The ratio CD4/CD8 is significantly decreased. Lymphoid atrophy is a prominent feature of nutritional deprivation... (Keusch GT, Farthing MJG. Nutritional aspects of AIDS. Annu Rev Nutr 1990; 10: 475-501, Coodley GO. Nutritional deficiency and AIDS. Ann Intern Med 1990; 113: 809, Bristol-Myers. Malnutrition and the immune response: Focus on cancer and AIDS. Princeton, NJ; 1994; 26, Raiten DJ. Nutrition and HIV infection: A review and evaluation of the extant knowledge of the relationship between nutrition and HIV infection. FDA Contract No. 223-88-2124; 1990, Keusch GT, Thea DM. Malnutrition in AIDS. Med Clin NA 1993; 77(4): 795-814, Beisel WR. AIDS. In: Gershwin ME, German JB, Keen CL. Nutrition and immunology: Principles and practice. Totowa, NJ: Human Press; 2000; 389-402, Watson RR. Nutrition and AIDS. 2nd Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2001: 231)
  Roberto Giraldo website2003
Micronutrients profiles in HIV-1-infected heterosexual adults.
 Skurnick JH, et al.
  An optimal nutritional status as well as adequate vitamin levels are known to be by themselves enough to mitigate the risk of AIDS in people who react positively on the tests for HIV.
  J Acq Immundef Syndr Hum Retrov 1996; 12: 75-83.1996
Micronutrient level in HIV-1 infected children.
 Periquet BA et al.
  An optimal nutritional status as well as adequate vitamin levels are known to be by themselves enough to mitigate the risk of AIDS in people who react positively on the tests for HIV.
  AIDS 1995; 9: 887-893.1995
Body composition studies in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
 Kotler DP et al.
  The severity of the clinical manifestations of AIDS is proportional to the degree of the nutritional deficiencies.
  Am J Clin Nutr 1985; 42: 1255-1265.1985
Significance of altered nutritional status in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
 Chlebowski RT.
  The severity of the clinical manifestations of AIDS is proportional to the degree of the nutritional deficiencies.
  Nutr Cancer 1985; 7: 85-91.1985
Does nutritional deficiency predispose to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?
 Jain VK, Chandra RD.
  Early in the AIDS era, well recognized researchers in the field of nutrition and immunology, such as Dr. Ranjit Kumar Chandra, noticed that: “There is an uncanny similarity between the immunological findings in nutritional deficiencies and those seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS”.
  Nutr Res 1984; 4: 537.1984
Similarities between AIDS and PCM (Protein Caloric Malnutrition).
 Gray RH.
  “There is a similarity between the immune deficiency, multiple infections, and severe weigh loss seen in AIDS patients, and the association of protein caloric malnutrition (PCM) with reduced resistance to infection observed in malnourished children, particularly in the Third World.” “It is also possible that nutritional deficiency may play a significant role in the clinical course of the immunodeficient state.” “These similarities between AIDS and PCM suggest that nutrition may contribute to the immunodeficient state. The immunodeficiency in children with PCM can be reversed by nutritional rehabilitation, which suggests that restoration of nutritional state may be a useful adjunct to therapy for AIDS patients”
  Amer J Publ Health 1983; 73: 1332.1983
Bridging the Gaps: The World Health Report 1995
 WHO
  Former WHO Director General Hiroshi Nakajima warned emphatically that "poverty is the world's deadliest disease." Indeed, among the leading causes of immunodeficiency and the best predictors for clinical AIDS symptoms in Africa is protein malnutrition.
  World Health Organization, (Geneva: WHO, 1995)1995
The Progress of Nations
 UNICEF
  "classifying deaths by disease hides the fact that death is not usually an event with one cause but a process with many causes. In particular, it is the conspiracy between malnutrition and infection which pulls many children into the downward spiral of poor growth and early death."
  UNICEF report 19961996
Cry, Beloved Country: How Africa Became the Victim of a Non-existent Epidemic of HIV/AIDS
 Hodgkinson Neville
  Father Angelo D'Agostino, a former surgeon who founded Nyumbani, a hospice for abandoned and orphaned HIV-positive children in Kenya : "People think a positive test means no hope, so the children are relegated to the back wards of hospitals which have no resources and they die. They are very sick when they come to us. Usually they are depressed, withdrawn, and silent....But as a result of their care here, they put on weight, recover from their infections, and thrive. Hygiene is excellent [and] nutrition is very good; they get vitamin supplements, cod liver oil, greens every day, plenty of protein. They are really flourishing."
  P. H. Duesberg (ed.), AIDS: Virus- or Drug-Induced? (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996), p. 353.1996