Dissident AIDS Database

Co-factorsRecreational drugsBabiesGeneral
Harrison’s. Principles of Internal Medicine.
 Fauci A.S., Braunwald, E., Isslbacher, K.J., et al.
  As of January 1, 1997, the number of infants and children in USA diagnosed with AIDS was 6,891 and ninety percent of these cases had mothers who were drug users
  McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York USA, ed. 14, 19981998
AIDS among children -- United States, 1996.
 US Centers for Disease Control & Los Angeles County Department of Health Services
  “Risk exposures for HIV infection among the mothers of the 6750 [US] children with perinatally acquired AIDS included injecting-drug use (IDU) (41%), sexual contact with a partner with or at risk for HIV/AIDS (34%) [probably IV drug users, with a high probability that the mother is also a drug user, although not necessarily by injection]”
  MMWR. 1996 Nov 22;45(46):1005-10 (www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00044515.htm)1996
Delayed and defective anti-HIV IgM response in infants.
 Gaetano C et al.
  “We have studied 27 children aged 1 day to 42 months and at risk for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Except 1 who had been transfused, all had drug-addict mothers”
  Lancet. 1987 Mar 14;1(8533):631.1987
Epidemiology of vertically transmitted HIV-1 infection in Switzerland: results of a nationwide prospective study.
 Kind C et al.
  “Postnatal mortality in infants of HIV-infected mothers followed up from birth was increased 15-fold over the general population with a very high incidence (2 in 100) of sudden infant death syndrome apparently unrelated to HIV infection [but]...Intravenous drug use (IVDU) was reported...for 68% of mothers; 46% of them were reported to have used drugs during pregnancy...Neonatal signs of drug withdrawal were seen in 19% of the infants”
  Eur J Pediatr. 1992;151:442-8.1992
Harrison’s. Principles of Internal Medicine.
 Fauci A.S., Braunwald, E., Isslbacher, K.J., et al.
  “women who abuse cocaine have reported major derangement in menstrual cycle function, including galactorrhea, amenorrhea, and infertility. Chronic cocaine abuse may cause persistent hyperprolactinemia as a consequence of cocaine-induced disorders of dopaminergic regulation of prolactin secretion by the pituitary. Cocaine abuse, particularly the smoking of crack by pregnant women, has been implicated as causing an increased risk of congenital malformations and of prenatal cardiovascular diseases in the infants. Cocaine abuse per se is probably not the sole reason for these prenatal disorders since many problems associated with maternal cocaine abuse, including poor nutrition and health care status as well as polydrug abuse, also contribute to the risk of prenatal diseases”.
  McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York USA, ed. 14, 19981998
Harrison’s. Principles of Internal Medicine.
 Fauci A.S., Braunwald, E., Isslbacher, K.J., et al.
  A special case of opiate withdrawal is seen in the newborn passively addicted by the mother’s drug misuse during pregnancy. Some level of addiction develops in 50 to 90 percent of children of heroin-dependent mothers. The syndrome consists of irritability, crying, and tremor in 80%; increased reflexes, increased respiratory rate, diarrhea, and hyperactivity in 60%; vomiting in 40%; and sneezing, yawning, and hiccuping in 30%. The affected child usually has a low birth weight and may be otherwise unremarkable until the second day, when symptoms are likely to begin.
  McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York USA, ed. 14, 19981998