Dissident AIDS Database

Co-factorsRecreational drugsCigaretteImmuno-deficiency
Nicotine-induced modulation of T Cell function. Implications for inflammation and infection.
 Sopori ML, Kozak W, Savage SM, Geng Y, Kluger MJ.
  "Tobacco smoking may predispose humans to respiratory disease, and may be a compounding risk factor in HIV infection and progression to AIDS. We have demonstrated that chronic exposure of mice and rats to cigarette smoke or nicotine inhibits T cell responsiveness, which may account for the decreased antibody response to T-dependent antigens seen in these animals. This inhibition may result from aberrant antigen-mediated signaling and depletion of IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores in nicotine-treated animals. Moreover, nicotine appears to moderate the inflammation associated with turpentine-induced sterile abscess and influenza infection. These anti-inflammatory properties of nicotine may account for longer survival of nicotine-treated than control mice lethally infected with influenza virus. However, because inflammation is required for clearance of many pathogens, nicotine-treated mice exhibit significantly higher titers of influenza virus following infection. These results offer an explanation for the higher susceptibility to some infectious diseases, but greater resistance to some inflammatory diseases among human smokers."
  Adv Exp Med Biol 1998;437:279-891998