Dissident AIDS Database

Co-factorsRecreational drugsCocainePneumonia
Drug smoking, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and immunosuppression increase risk of bacterial pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive injection drug users.
 Caiaffa WT, Vlahov D, Graham NM, Astemborski J, Solomon L, Nelson KE, Munoz A.
  "To examine the risk factors for the first episode of bacterial pneumonia among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive injection drug users (IDUs), medical record review was performed on IDUs participating in a cohort study from January 1988 to June 30, 1992. HIV-seropositive IDUs with a first episode of bacterial pneumonia (n = 40) were matched with up to five HIV-seropositive control subjects without bacterial pneumonia (n = 197) by date of entry (+/- 3 mo) and length of follow-up... In univariate analyses, ... smoking illicit drugs (marijuana, cocaine, or crack) were associated with bacterial pneumonia..."
  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994 Dec;150(6 Pt 1):1493-81994
Pulmonary hispathology in cocaine abusers
 Bailey ME et al
  Hispatologic findings in the lungs of 52 cocaine abusers include 38% of interstitial pneumonitis
  Human Pathol 25(2) : 203-7, 19941994