Dissident AIDS Database

Co-factorsRecreational drugsDrug EpidemicNitrites
The Drug-AIDS Hypothesis
 Duesberg Peter, Rasnick David
  There are no American statistics from the Bureau of Justice on the consumption of nitrite inhalants, even though nitrites have been banned for recreational use in the US since 1988. Despite this ban they are sold legally as room deodorizers (Mann C. Poppers ... high time to think again. Continuum 1995; 3: 10, Young I. Hell Bent ... or Heavenly Scent? Continuum 1995; 3: 22-25, Bethell T. AIDS and Poppers, in AIDS: Virus- or Drug Induced?, P. Duesberg (eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1996; 315-323). Before the ban about five million doses of amylnitrites were consumed in the US in 1980, mainly by male homosexuals (Haverkos HW, Dougherty J. Health hazards of nitrite inhalants. Am J Med 1988; 84: 479-482, San Francisco Department of Public Health, Lesbian & Gay Substance Abuse Planning Group. Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Substance Abuse Needs Assessment. 1991, August, Ascher MS, Sheppard HW, Winkelstein Jr W, Vittinghoff E. Does drug use cause AIDS? Nature 1993; 362: 103-104). After the ban, in 1993, 4.2 million Americans, including 2.8 million men and 1.4 million women, had used nitrites based on a survey from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (Haverkos HW, Drotman DP. NIDA technical review: nitrite inhalants. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 1996; 50: 228-230). Even the NIDA and the CDC announced informally at a nitrite-AIDS conference in 1994 (Lauritsen J. NIH reconsiders nitrites' link to AIDS. Biotechnology 1994; 12: 762-763), that "nitrite use by gay men in Chicago and San Francisco" has increased in the 1990s after a decline in the late 1980s (Haverkos HW, Drotman DP. NIDA Technical Review: Nitrite Inhalants. NIDA, Washington, D.C & CDC, Atlanta, GA 1995; unpublished).
  Continuum Feb./March 19971997
The Drug-AIDS Hypothesis
 Duesberg Peter, Rasnick David
  Nitrite inhalants are almost entirely monopolized by male homosexuals. Numerous non-scientific reports confirm the popularity of the "gay drug" (nitrite inhalants) (Mirken B. Everything you always wanted to know about poppers; the gay drug is still here despite a ban, and so is the controversy. San Francisco Frontiers Newsmagazine 1995; 14: 16-19, July 20) among male homosexuals in America and Europe (Hodgkinson N. AIDS: the failure of contemporary science. Fourth Estate, London, UK, 1996, Mann C. Poppers ... high time to think again. Continuum 1995; 3: 10, Young I. Hell Bent ... or Heavenly Scent? Continuum 1995; 3: 22-25, Bethell T. AIDS and Poppers, in AIDS: Virus- or Drug Induced?, P. Duesberg (eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1996; 315-323, Mirken B. Everything you always wanted to know about poppers; the gay drug is still here despite a ban, and so is the controversy. San Francisco Frontiers Newsmagazine 1995; 14: 16-19, July 20, St. Angelo M. Duesbergís Questions About HIV/AIDS Merit Answers. Windy City Times 1996: 12, April 11, Lauritsen J. NIDA meeting calls for research into the poppers-Kaposiís sarcoma connection, in AIDS: Virus- or Drug Induced?, P. H. Duesberg (eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1996; 325-330, Lauritsen J. The AIDS War. Asklepios (Pagan Press), New York, 1993, Shilts R. And the Band Played On. St. Martinís Press, New York, 1987). In agreement with the non-scientific literature, the AIDS epidemiologist David Ostrow reported that nitrite inhalant use in a study of over 5000 male homosexuals from Chicago, Baltimore, Los Angeles and Pittsburgh, the MAC cohort, showed a "consistent and strong cross-sectional association with ... anal sex" (Ostrow DG. Substance abuse and HIV infection. Psychiatric Manifestations of HIV Disease 1994; 17: 69-89). The San Francisco Department of Health and the NIAID sponsored San Francisco Menís Health Study also report that 98% of nitrite inhalant users are homosexuals (San Francisco Department of Public Health, Lesbian & Gay Substance Abuse Planning Group. Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Substance Abuse Needs Assessment. 1991, August; Ascher MS et al, Does drug use cause AIDS? Nature 1993; 362: 103-104). Like male homosexuals from San Francisco and Chicago/Baltimore/Los Angeles/Pittsburgh, those from Vancouver, Sidney, Amsterdam and London also show a specific affinity for nitrite inhalants, because of "their ability to briefly relax the smooth muscles of the anal sphincter and thereby facilitate penetration" (Buchbinder SP et alLong-term HIV-1 infection without immunologic progression. AIDS 1994; 8: 1123-1128, Veugelers PJ et al, Determinants of HIV disease progression among homsexual men registered in the tricontinental seroconverter study. American Journal of Epidemiology 1994; 140: 747-758, Kaslow RA et al, No evidence for a role of alcohol or other psychoactive drugs in accelerating immunodeficiency in HIV-1-positive individuals. J Am Med Assoc 1989; 261: 3424-3429, Ostrow DG et al, Recreational drugs and sexual behavior in the Chicago MACS/CCS cohort of homosexually active men. Journal of Substance Abuse 1993; 5: 311-325, Schechter MT et al, Aetiology of AIDS. Lancet 1993; 341: 1222-1223, Lau RKW et al, Trends in sexual behaviour in a cohort of homosexual men: a 7 year prospective study. International Journal of STD & AIDS 1992; 3: 267-272, Gibbons J. Drugs & Us. Gay Times (London) 1996; 17-37, September).
  Continuum Feb./March 19971997