Dissident AIDS Database

Co-factorsRecreational drugsDrug EpidemicSex distribution
The Drug-AIDS Hypothesis
 Duesberg Peter, Rasnick David
  In contrast to infectious diseases, the epidemiological distribution of recreational drug use ... is highly differentiated in the American and European populations. About 70-80% of the American consumers of hard recreational drugs such as cocaine, heroin and amphetamines are males over 18 years of age based on information from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the NIDA, The White House and Public Health Services other than the CDC. The National Drug Control Strategy: 1996 from the White House reports that 78% of the drug users are males, and that 74% are 21-44 years old (Clinton W, The White House. The National Drug Control Strategy: 1996. The White House, Washington DC, 1996). According to the CDC from before 1984 and independent observers to this date, American and European male homosexuals at risk for AIDS or with AIDS stand out not only for the amounts, but also for the bewildering combinations of recreational drugs used... For example, the biggest American survey of about 5000 male homosexual men, the MAC study, reports various combinations of 11 recreational drugs (Kaslow RA et al, No evidence for a role of alcohol or other psychoactive drugs in accelerating immunodeficiency in HIV-1-positive individuals. J Am Med Assoc 1989; 261: 3424-3429. Ostrow DG et al, Recreational drugs and sexual behavior in the Chicago MACS/CCS cohort of homosexually active men. Journal of Substance Abuse 1993; 5: 311-325)... Among the 685 respondents to "the biggest ever survey of gay menís drug use" conducted in England in the summer of 1996 by Gay Times, 80% had used poppers (nitrite inhalants), 48% ecstasy (amphetamines), 57% speed (amphetamines), 40% coke (cocaine), 48% acid (LSD), 25% heroin, 76% cannabis, 58% cigarettes, 95% alcohol (Gay Times (London) 1996; 17-37, September. Drugs & Us. Gibbons J). A tricontinental epidemiological study confirms and extends the bewildering pattern of recreational drugs consumed by male homosexuals with AIDS or at risk for AIDS in the US and Europe and finds the same pattern repeated in Australia (American Journal of Epidemiology 1994; 140: 747-758, Determinants of HIV disease progression among homsexual men registered in the tricontinental seroconverter study. Veugelers PJ, Page KA, Tindall B, Schechter MT, Moss AR, Winkelstein WW, Cooper DA, Craib KJP, Charlebois E, Coutinho RA, Van Griensven GJP)... Patients and deaths from drug diseases show essentially the same sex and age distribution. Almost all drug decedents are over 18 years of age, and most are over 25 (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Annual Medical Examiner data. Data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1994; 1-82, 1994, Office of National Drug Control Policy. Drugs & Crime Data. Drugs & Crime Clearinghouse 1996; July 1996, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Annual emergency department data 1993. Data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1993; 81-110)... It is for this reason that throughout the epidemic drug-aware AIDS researchers found it difficult to distinguish between the drug and AIDS epidemics as the following titles of their articles indicate: Moss AR. AIDS and intravenous drug use: the real heterosexual epidemic. Br Med J 1987; 294: 389-390, National Commission on AIDS. The Twin Epidemics of Substance Use and HIV. July 1991; Kolata G. New picture of who will get AIDS is dominated by addicts. New York Times (New York) 1995: Sect. C, p3, February 28...
  Continuum Feb./March 19971997
The Drug-AIDS Hypothesis
 Duesberg Peter, Rasnick David
  The drug hypothesis predicts that American and European AIDS is predominantly male, because males consume over 78% of the hard injected drugs (Clinton W, The White House. The National Drug Control Strategy: 1996. The White House, Washington DC, 1996, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Annual Medical Examiner data. Data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1994; 1-82, 1994), over 98% of nitrite inhalants (San Francisco Department of Public Health, Lesbian & Gay Substance Abuse Planning Group. Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Substance Abuse Needs Assessment. 1991, August; Ascher MS, Sheppard HW, Winkelstein Jr W, Vittinghoff E. Does drug use cause AIDS? Nature 1993; 362: 103-104.) and most of the AZT (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported through December 1995. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 1995; 7: 1-39, Hodgkinson N. AIDS: the failure of contemporary science. Fourth Estate, London, UK, 1996). Indeed, the CDC reports that 87% of all American AIDS patients are males (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported through June 1994, Mid-Year Edition. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 1994; 6: 1-27). And the sex ratio of the European AIDS epidemic is a mirror image of the American drug epidemic. This sex distribution is the sum of the following constituents: 1) The CDC reports that a third of all American AIDS patients are intravenous drug users (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported through December 1995. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 1995; 7: 1-39). According to the NIDA, the US Department of HHS and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and the White House 75-78% of drug users are males (Clinton W, The White House. The National Drug Control Strategy: 1996. The White House, Washington DC, 1996, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Annual Medical Examiner data. Data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1994; 1-82, 1994). 2) The CDC also reports that nearly two thirds, over 60%, of all American AIDS patients are male homosexuals. Based on self-answered questionnaires of the CDC and independent investigators (Haverkos HW, Drotman DP. Measuring inhalant nitrite exposure in gay men: implications for elucidating the etiology of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Genetica 1995; 95: 157-164) all of these were frequent users of nitrite inhalants, ethylchloride inhalants, amphetamines, cocaine, and other drugs that facilitate sexual contacts, particularly anal intercourse.In 1994, 89% of all American AIDS cases (3), and 82% of all American drug deaths fell into the age group between 25 and 54 years (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Annual Medical Examiner data. Data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1994; 1-82, 1994). In 1990, 82% of the cocaine-related and 75% of the morphine-related hospital emergencies were 20-39 years old, again overlapping very closely with the age distribution of AIDS patients (National Institute on Drug Abuse. Annual Emergency Room Data 1990. 1990). Moreover, according to the same sources, 77% of the drug deaths and 82% of the AIDS cases in 1994 were males; a remarkable coincidence.
  Continuum Feb./March 19971997