Dissident AIDS Database
|Epidemiology||Non sexual transmission||Infection via needle||IDU|
|Assessing Harm Reduction Strategies: The Dilemma of Observational Studies.|| ||Bruneau J, Franco E , Lamothe F.
| ||“[paraphrased from Table 5 in this paper] Odds ratio of becoming HIV+ in a cohort of IV drug users between 1988 and 1995 associated with overall history of participation in NEP (1988-1995) is 22.9/10.2/13.1 (Consistent users), 3.9/2.6/2.2 (>=50%), 1.3/0.9/0.7 (<=50%). [i.e. those who ALWAYS used clean needle programs were 10-22 times MORE likely to become HIV+ than those who NEVER used such programs]”|
| ||Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec 15;146(12):1007-1010.||1997|
|Risk behaviour change and HIV infection among injection drug users in Montreal.|| ||Brogly SB et al.
| ||“Injection drug users (IDU) constitute the major risk group for HIV infection in many countries world- wide. IDU are at risk of HIV infection through unsafe injecting practices and risky sexual behaviour [no reference given]...[but]...As previously found in this cohort, the study results demonstrated an increased risk of HIV infection associated with NEP use: inconsistent NEP users had a higher risk than consistent users when compared with non-users. However, we chose to exclude this variable”|
| ||AIDS. 2000;14:2575-2582.||2000|
|Needle exchange is not enough: lessons from the Vancouver injecting drug use study.|| ||Strathdee SA et al.
| ||“HIV-positive IDU were significantly more likely to be established IDU [>2 yrs]…HIV-positive IDU were more likely to have ever attended NEP, and to attend NEP on a more regular basis, compared with HIV-negative IDU”|
| ||AIDS. 1997 Jul 11;11(8):F60-5.||1997|
|HIV exposure in health care|| ||Penny R
| ||"HIV is rapidly inactivated in discarded needles and syringes"|
| ||The Medical Journal of Australia 162, 509 (1995).||1995|