Dissident AIDS Database

EpidemiologyNon sexual transmissionInfection via needleIDU
Assessing Harm Reduction Strategies: The Dilemma of Observational Studies.
 Bruneau J, Franco E , Lamothe F.
  “[paraphrased from Table 5 in this paper] Odds ratio of becoming HIV+ in a cohort of IV drug users between 1988 and 1995 associated with overall history of participation in NEP (1988-1995) is 22.9/10.2/13.1 (Consistent users), 3.9/2.6/2.2 (>=50%), 1.3/0.9/0.7 (<=50%). [i.e. those who ALWAYS used clean needle programs were 10-22 times MORE likely to become HIV+ than those who NEVER used such programs]”
  Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec 15;146(12):1007-1010.1997
Risk behaviour change and HIV infection among injection drug users in Montreal.
 Brogly SB et al.
  “Injection drug users (IDU) constitute the major risk group for HIV infection in many countries world- wide. IDU are at risk of HIV infection through unsafe injecting practices and risky sexual behaviour [no reference given]...[but]...As previously found in this cohort, the study results demonstrated an increased risk of HIV infection associated with NEP use: inconsistent NEP users had a higher risk than consistent users when compared with non-users. However, we chose to exclude this variable”
  AIDS. 2000;14:2575-2582.2000
Needle exchange is not enough: lessons from the Vancouver injecting drug use study.
 Strathdee SA et al.
  “HIV-positive IDU were significantly more likely to be established IDU [>2 yrs]…HIV-positive IDU were more likely to have ever attended NEP, and to attend NEP on a more regular basis, compared with HIV-negative IDU”
  AIDS. 1997 Jul 11;11(8):F60-5.1997
HIV exposure in health care
 Penny R
  "HIV is rapidly inactivated in discarded needles and syringes"
  The Medical Journal of Australia 162, 509 (1995).1995