|Treatment||Alternative treatments||Hormones supplementation||DHEAS levels|
|Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and testosterone: relation to HIV illness stage and progression over one year.|| ||Ferrando SJ, Rabkin JG, Poretsky L.
| ||This study explored associations between serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), free and total testosterone levels, and HIV illness markers, including viral load, and the behavioral problems of fatigue and depressed mood. Subjects were 169 HIV-positive men evaluated at baseline, 6, and 12 months for levels of DHEAS, total and free testosterone, HIV RNA, CD4, HIV symptoms, opportunistic illnesses, fatigue, and depression. Men with AIDS (N = 105), compared with men with less advanced illness, had lower mean levels of DHEAS. Baseline DHEAS was positively correlated with CD4 count, HIV symptom severity, and was inversely correlated with HIV RNA. Baseline DHEAS below the laboratory reference range (96 microg/dl) was associated with history of opportunistic infections and malignancies (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 4.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9-10.4) and with incidence of these complications or death over 1 year (adjusted OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1-7.2)... This study confirms that low serum DHEAS is associated with HIV illness markers... and carries negative prognostic value...|
| ||J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1999 Oct 1;22(2):146-54||1999|
|The relationship of serum DHEA-S and cortisol levels to measures of immune function in human immunodeficiency virus-related illness.|| ||Wisniewski TL, Hilton CW, Morse EV, Svec F
| ||Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a major cause of immunoincompetence. Whether the virus, itself, accounts for all the deficiency remains in question. Steroids can also influence immune function; glucocorticoids cause immunoincompetence while dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) enhances immune function. Changes in the levels of such hormones during the course of HIV illness might result in significant changes in immune competence. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-S) or cortisol levels correlate with absolute CD4 lymphocyte levels. Plasma for cortisol and DHEA-S was drawn from 98 adults with HIV. Of these, 67 had simultaneous CD4 levels. Cortisol levels were 12.4 +/- 4.6 micrograms/dl, DHEA-S 262 +/- 142 micrograms/dl, and CD4 levels were 308 +/- 217/mm3 (mean +/- SD). Correlational analysis revealed a significant relationship between DHEA-S and CD4 levels (r = 0.30; p = 0.01)... When analyzed by clinical subgroups, significant differences were also found with a decrease in DHEA-S levels seen in persons with more advanced illness. The data exhibit a positive relationship between the immune status of patients with HIV-related illness and DHEA, leading to the hypothesis that DHEA deficiency may worsen immune status.|
| ||Am J Med Sci 1993 Feb;305(2):79-83||1993|