Dissident AIDS Database

Viral loadFalse viral loadCausesSTDs
Human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) plasma virus load and markers of immune activation among HIV-infected female sex workers with sexually transmitted diseases in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire.
 Nkengasong JN, Kestens L, Ghys PD, Koblavi-Deme S, Bile C, Kalou M, Ya LK, Traore-Ettiegne V, Maurice C, Laga M, Wiktor SZ, Greenberg AE.
  "Plasma levels of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and markers of immune activation were compared among HIV-1-infected female sex workers (FSWs) with (n=112) and without (n=88) sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. After adjustment for CD4+ T cells, the median virus load was 2.5-fold higher among HIV-seropositive FSWs with STDs than among those without an STD (P=.053). Median virus load was higher for FSWs with a genital ulcer (P=.052) or gonorrhoea (P=.058) than for FSWs without any STD."
  J Infect Dis 2001 May 1;183(9):1405-82001
Acute Sexually Transmitted Infections Increase Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Plasma Viremia, Increase Plasma Type 2 Cytokines, and Decrease CD4 Cell Counts.
 Anzala AO et al.
  “...HIV-1 plasma viremia were quantitated before, during, and after episodes of STI [Sexually Transmitted Infections]. Increases in...viremia [viral load] ... occurred during gonococcal cervicitis and returned to baseline after treatment...Similar changes were seen in women with pelvic inflammatory disease. Acute bacterial STI resulted in increased HIV-1 viremia”
  JID. 2000 Aug;182(2):459-466.2000